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『NEW CROWN』BOOK 3 Lesson 4 の指導

杉本 薫 東京都立両国高等学校附属中学校,「NEW CROWN」編集委員

2017年05月24日

英語で授業,ここがポイント!

約30年間,授業のほとんどを英語でされてきた杉本薫先生。「英語で授業」のポイントは,指示や説明,生徒とのやりとりだけでなく,その場で思いついた冗談やALTとの小声の打ち合わせなど,教師自身が迷い,考えながら英語を使っている姿を見せることであるとおっしゃっていました。実際の英語のやりとりの様子を,ほんの一部ですがご紹介します。(取材:NEW CROWN 編集部)

 

この日の授業の流れ(3 年生)

① あいさつ★

② 歌

③ Small Talk★

④ ビンゴ(単語のビンゴ)

⑤ 教科書★(Book 3 Lesson 4 USE Read 2時間目)

⑥ 題材背景解説★

⑦まとめ★

★印が英語を収録している箇所です。紙幅の都合上,すべては収録していません。

 

①あいさつ

T:  All right. Shall we start? Ready? Good morning, class.

Ss: Good morning, Mr Sugimoto.

T:  OK. This is the last English lesson this week.

以下,編集部メモ

 

② Small Talk(英会話のスキルアップをめざす活動)

T:  OK, let’s move on to Skill Up Talk. Small Talk. Handouts.

Today we have this, “Signals between speakers and listeners”. Speakers and listeners are always changing, but please use these signals together.

All right. Please repeat after me, here we go.

Actually, anyway, now, right, so, well, you know, you see.

OK, and when you are a listener, try to use these:

Hmm, uh-huh, yeah, right, OK, indeed, it sure does, oh, I suppose so, really?, nice going, that’s nice, that’s too bad, what a shame, that’s life, better luck next time, lucky you.

OK, please try to use these things while you are talking. And you can choose the topic. You can choose it from the news, last night and today. Regular pair.

<生徒たちはペアをつくる>

No Japanese. Let’s do it all in English. Ready? Go!

<ペアで2分間話す>

T:  OK, class. Please check the list.

So, who’s the lucky number 20? … Twenty?(20番の生徒に)

S1: Yes.

T:  Lucky you today. So first of all, what topic did you talk about?

S1: My topic is…

T:  Our topic. OUR topic. What topic did you two talk about?

S1: Hiroshima Carps vs DeNA.

T:  So what’s that?

S1: Baseball.

T:  Baseball. Japanese baseball game. And which team won?

S1: DeNA.

T:  DeNA. OK. Are you happy?

S1: No.

T:  You are a Carp fan.

S1: Yes.

T:  How about your partner?

S1: Hanshin Tigers.

T:  Tigers fan?

S1: Um, yes.

T:  OK. So Carps and DeNA, no problem. So you talked about the baseball game.

How about this? Did you use these?(リストを指して)

S1: Uh, yes.

T:  What did you use today?

S2: I used ‘OK’ and ‘so’.

T:  That’s it?

S2: Yes.

T:  ‘OK’ and ‘so’ are very simple and easy. Try to use something more. ‘Indeed’,

‘it sure does’, it’s almost the same. Try to use the different English. That will improve your English. If you only know ‘OK’, maybe you will only say OK, OK, OK. Try to use something else. I think you can do it.

All right. Thank you. So you’re twenty? Thirty! Number 30? Absent!

Oh, lucky you. Lucky her. … Forty! No forty? Ten!

S2: Yes.

T:  So what was your topic?

S2: It was about Scotland.

T:  Thank you. That was a big topic yesterday. So what do you think about it?

S2: I think that’s …

T:  Was it a good choice? Did you feel that?

S2: Yes.

T:  How about your partner? Did she agree?

S2: Yes.

T:   All right. So that was very close? I think 55 and 45. Very close. Uh …

But theydecided … decided. Maybe that was a good choice right now. But I don’t know in the future what happens. The UK has a long history and something about Scotland, not only Scotland, but Wales, Ireland and Northern Ireland, so a lot of things can be happening in the future. We do not know. But anyway, one good thing I believe about Scotland yesterday is they decided in peace. They just voted and decided. That was a great thing. They did not fight. No bomb. No gun. That was good. I think. I believe.

Anyway. Small talk. Let’s try to use all these things.

●毎回,テーマを変えて会話練習をしている。この日は「会話の中の合図のことば」を意識した練習。

●前に投影されたことばやワークシートを見ながら,生徒は先生の後に続いて,一語ずつ繰り返す。

●会話の中で前述のことばを使うよう指示。

 

 

●日付が20 日だったので,出席番号が20 番の生徒から。その後,30 番,40 番,10 番…と続く。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

●他のことばもいろいろ使ってみるようアドバイス。

 

 

 

 

●この授業の前日に,スコットランド独立の是非を問う住民投票が行われた。

 

⑤教科書(NEW CROWN Book 3 Lesson 4 USE Read “The Story of Sadako”)

※前日の授業では本文全体を読みました。本時は前回読んだ本文の内容理解のチェックです。

T:  Well, let’s review Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and the story of the lesson.

OK, yesterday we read this story. I think you understand it. But first, let’s practice it again. All right. Uh … let’s read it together. If you can look up at the screen, let’s look. You can read it.

And if you can’t, you can look at your books and read it, please.

Listen and repeat it. Here we go.

<音声に続いて,内容を確認しながら1文ずつリピート>

T:  Do you have any questions? I think you can understand it.

We’re going to check this. The questions and the answers.

No. 1, what happened on August 6, 1945?

Does anyone know, this August 6, 1945? What happened?

S3: An atomic bomb was dropped over Hiroshima.

T:  An atomic bomb was dropped over Hiroshima. Perfect!

No. 2, what subject did Sadako like?

S4: PE.

T:  OK, PE. Very simple. Remember, make a sentence.

S4: She likes PE.

T:  She likes PE is OK, but she’s dead now. So she liked PE.

OK, No. 3, when Sadako became sick, what did a doctor say to her parents?

S5: It will be difficult for her to live more than one year.

T:  Right. Check the question again. “What did a doctor say?”

It’s not ‘the doctor’.なぜでしょう。(間をおいて)I think that means the doctor was not the only one.

There were some doctors, and one of the doctors said that.

And? No. 4, how did Sadako feel when she received some paper cranes, the origami cranes?

S6: If I can make a thousand cranes, I will get well and run again.

T:  Yes. But before that, when she received the cranes, she felt …

S6: Hopeful.

T:  She felt hopeful. And then … the last one, after Sadako died, what did

her friends decide to do?

S7: They decided to build a statue of her.

T:  That’s it. The statue of Sadako, the statue of her.

OK. So … maybe it’s not so difficult.

All right. Now, I wanted you to read. I’ll give you one or two minutes, please try to read again. OK. I want you to read it aloud one more time, from start to the end. Your speed is OK. Here we go.

<本文音読>

When you’ve finished it, books down, papers down, and look up please.

●スクリーンに,デジタルテキストの本文画面が映し出されている。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

●文で答えるように,ということを常に生徒に意識させている。

 

⑥題材背景解説

<映像視聴後,題材に関係のある写真を見ながら>

T:  Well, now, I think you understand what happened. I’m going to add a bit more

information about this, please listen to this.

Here, first let’s review what happened on August 6, 1945. The bomb, yes. And I’ll show you one more picture here. (航空写真を見せて) This is where Sadako lived, and this is 爆心地. Do you remember the English word for 爆心地? I think you’ve heard of this before. They call it Ground Zero.

Anyway, it happened when she was only 2 years old. And in1954, the sport day. At first, they had a bad mistake and second time I think it’s only in autumn, this sport day they won. That was the happiest day of her life.

Then she went to a hospital. These are the cranes she folded at the hospital. She died in 1955. These are newspapers from all over the world. Can you read this? Is this English? No, I think it’s Russian. She’s here, and this is origami. She became very famous. And the movement of making the statue had started.

And 1958, 原爆の子の像. She became a symbol of peace and the tragedy of the atomic bomb.

But this is one of my message for you, keep your eyes wide open. Stories never end.

I think there are many statues of Sadako around the world, and this one is in America. It’s in Seattle. A crane is here.

1990 was the 45th anniversary for the Hiroshima Bombing Day.

Newspapers are here, 1990 and 2004. The Sadako statue in Seattle vandalized ─ vandalized is broken. Can you see this? Here. Her crane was cut off. Something happened.

And here are introduction of the story of her, the introduction about her life, and uh that moment there was an argume, discussion …

●佐々木禎子さんや原爆に関連する話を,映像や写真を見せながら説明。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

●「原爆の子の像」のその後の話など。

 

⑦まとめ

T:  I want you to start to think about your 平和宣言. Your opinion.

This is your homework today. Here. Please read it.

So time’s up. Goodbye, class.

Ss: Goodbye, Mr Sugimoto.

●「平和宣言」を考えることをレッスンのゴールとしているので,生徒には過去の生徒作品を渡している。

~授業のその後~

杉本先生は,このレッスンの最後に,ピクチャーカードを使ってレッスンの内容を英語で再現させ,さらに最後に自分の平和についての考えを「平和宣言」として発表するOral Presentationを,生徒全員にさせたそうです。

(「中学校 英語で授業 ここがポイント」2015/1発行より転載)

プロフィール

杉本 薫    すぎもと・かおる 東京都立両国高等学校附属中学校,「NEW CROWN」編集委員

青山学院大学卒業,東京都の中学教員となる。英語の授業改善の取り組みとして「英語授業研究会」を1990年より運営中,主な著書・寄稿―『楽しいペアワーク』,『英語教師の知恵袋』(以上,開隆堂),「評価のゆくえ」(『英語教育』2005年7月号,大修館),「話さずにはいられない(スピーキング指導の実践紹介)」(『STEP英語情報』2003.7-8月号)ほか。

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『NEW CROWN』BOOK 3 Lesson 4 の指導

2017年05月24日
杉本 薫

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